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Hydrology and Climate Change

27th Feb 2021: Case Studies

The ‘megaberg’ A68 was twice the size of Luxembourg. It has completely melted this year.

Learn more about why melting glaciers are a serious problem:
 http://ow.ly/AZo850I44NW

Earth's Water Cycle Is Changing Dramatically, And Much Faster Than We Predicted

"Freshwater cycles from ocean to air to clouds to rivers and back to the oceans. This constant shuttling can give us the illusion of certainty. Freshwater will always come from the tap. Won't it?

Unfortunately, that's not guaranteed. Climate change is shifting where the water cycle deposits water on land, with drier areas becoming drier still, and wet areas becoming even wetter."

Software could help to save up to 80 per cent of water used on UAE farms

"The UAE's farmers can now use new software that helps to plan crop planting and also calculate how much water their land will need over a year.

A study carried out over many years to trace the flow of sap in date palm trees showed that farmers are using nearly three times as much water as they need to irrigate their plants.

It found that farmers typically irrigate each tree with about 300 litres of water a day.

However, by measuring the amount of sap flowing in the trunk of a date palm, researchers found they could cut that to 180 litres a day during the summer, and to as little as 60 to 80 litres in winter. This would save up to 80 per cent of the water used on the country's farms."

One Woman’s Mission to Fight Water Scarcity in Africa | Earth.Org - Past | Present | Future

"Dr. Sónia Santos Assunção, an experienced geophysicist with extensive experience in soil assessment, first successfully carried out Geophysical exploration to detect underground water in Ghana in 2016 with the support of Geo Analysis that provided the equipment, and given the straight-forward applicability and efficiency of the technologies she used, she decided to extend her scientific project beyond one country. The geophysicist will soon embark on a one-year journey across the African continent, travelling 24,000km to cross a total of 21 countries – from Cairo to Cape Town and from Cape Town to Tunisia – to evaluate the presence of underground sources of water and to teach locals how to acquire geophysical data (available satellite images and information will be provided by AQUAFUTURE Groundwater consultancy)."


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