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How to apply optimization techniques to water resource problems?

"Maximizing or minimizing some function comparative to some set, often demonstrating a range of choices available in a certain situation. The function allows evaluation of the different choices for determining which might be “best.”....Definition of optimization.

In optimization, we try to maximize/minimize/achieve a target value by changing some variables of an objective equation.

Optimization is used to solve problems in a multidisciplinary field including water resources. The problems like solving multi-reservoir optimization, water allocation problems, economic optimization of water-based systems, performance optimization of water treatment plants, etc. can be easily solved by the application of various classical and new optimization techniques.

If you search on the internet, especially through Sciencedirect or Springer Portals you will find multiple papers on the Optimization Technique and its application to water resource problems

For example, the following are some of the contemporary works in this field: 

Saray, Marzieh Hasanzadeh, et al. "Optimization of Water-Energy-Food Nexus considering CO2 emissions from cropland: A case study in northwest Iran." Applied Energy 307 (2022): 118236.

Ward, Frank A., et al. "Economic optimization to guide climate water stress adaptation." Journal of Environmental Management 301 (2022): 113884.

Alam, Gulzar, et al. "Applications of artificial intelligence in water treatment for optimization and automation of adsorption processes: Recent advances and prospects." Chemical Engineering Journal 427 (2022): 130011.

To  understand what, when, and how you can apply optimization techniques, one of my following tutorials on the fundamentals of optimization techniques can be useful:

@Mrinmoy's Page
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